Category Archives: Uncategorized

Hurricane Irene

This post will be updated as long as I have power/connection

Well the first major effects from Irene have reached where I live west of Ocean City, MD. The wind has picked up and the rain is starting to come down hard:

I’ll be updating with more pictures as long as I can.

Here is a screencap via Accuweather.com of the Dover AFB Doppler Radar:

You can see the band that went through Ocean City area is now North and West and as the screencap shows is going through the Rehoboth Beach area. The NWS has reported that it might have spawned a tornado in the Rehoboth Beach area.

Also as you can see in the screencap right now Ocean City is sitting in a lull , but there is another band coming through shortly:

The above picture was taken at Noon during the lull.

As you can see from the above screencap the next band is moving in so it’s a wait and see to find out what it delivers.

Here is what we are getting from this band:

Keep in mind these photos are all on the side of the house NOT facing into the wind. Luckily we are about to get another break according to the Dover radar:

I made a short video of what the conditions were like at about 4pm EST:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50hLkbOdp8E

It’s easier to see how strong the winds and rain are in it.

Here is a video of how strong things got just before the band moved out:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FeC-6RXzOgw

In this video you can see that one of the trees lost it’s top and can be seen on the ground next to the small white shed.

As you can see right now Ocean City is catching a break rain wise but the wind is picking up.

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Let it Snow!

The Eastern Shore of Maryland around Ocean City doesn’t typically get a lot of snow during winter, due to the fact that the storm tracks usually bring warmer air and moisture from the Gulf Stream over this area. Areas further west usually get the snow, we get rain. In this area 3 inches of snow being fore-casted brings out the panic buying of milk & bread. The roads typically get closed since the state doesn’t have enough equipment to keep anything but the most major of highways open. Last year we had back to back major snow storms that each dumped a foot plus on the area and this storm is doing the same. Winds are whipping out, there is already a good 6-8 inches on the ground and it is still falling as can be seen clearly in the accompanying photos:

The second picture was taken no more then 15 mins after I cleared a pathway out for our 4wd Escape in case of emergency’s and you can see it is already rapidly filling back in. Boy what fun it’s going to be to clear this mess out when it’s all said and done.

Pictures of the Lunar Eclipse

I decided to stay up and get pictures of the Lunar Eclipse and I’ll be updating in according to a chart about the phases of the eclipse I saw here:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/40754925/ns/technology_and_science-space/?GT1=43001 and with any good shots I can find.

First Photos are from around 12:30 am EST

NOTE: Click on photos to get full size pictures.

The second batch is from around 1:15 am EST

Read more of this post

World Record Railgun Test!

In a lot of popular science fiction stories one of the favorite weapons that are used is the Railgun. Well the US Navy has been testing out Railgun technology and has a test gun in Dahlgren Va. In 2008 the set a Railgun muzzle energy record of 10 Mega Joules. Just recently they broke the record with a record of a 33 Mega Joule shot which can be seen here:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6BfU-wMwL2U&feature=player_embedded

According to the USN they hope to have a 64 Mega Joule Railgun ready to go and onboard ship by 2025. See the article here:

http://cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2010/12/10/5626100-railgun-shot-heard-round-the-world?gt1=43001

Santa Cantalina Mystery Craft

For those that haven’t seen the news recently there was an object filmed by KCBS yesterday evening as the sunset that appears to be a missile. Now today the Pentagon has come out with a statement that it wasn’t a foreign missile and not a threat to the US but they don’t know what it is. The Air Force and the Navy both say they didn’t fire off a missile and have come out with the excuse that it’s an airplane.

Ok folks here is some obvious things that makes these statements completely BOGUS:

1. If it was an Aircraft that close to Los Angeles, Air Traffic Control at LAX would have had them on radar and it would have been confirmed to KCBS yesterday that is what it was.

2. If you don’t know what the object is how can you say it wasn’t foreign or a threat to the US?

3. If it was an accidental launch or a problem with any particular US Weapon System the Pentagon would try to cover it up as “just an aircraft, nothing to see here move along”.

Now I’m going to give two possible explanations for what it was, these are based on my knowledge from my Navy days, film of certain launches during the Gulf War and a possible message being sent by a foreign government.

1. It was a missile launch by a Chinese Submarine off the US coast as a message/warning to the US.

2. It was a launch from a US warship or from the US Gunnery Range and missile test facility south of Santa Catalina on San Clemente Island. Read more of this post

The American Voter Sees RED

UPDATE: New updated map

How bad was it for the Democrats in this years House elections? Compare these two maps from Fox News:

House Pre-Election

House at 11:59 PM EST Election Day

 

House as of Nov 4th

 

 

I think that says it all right there.

History of NOAA 16

The images that showed the extreme temperatures for Lake Michigan were Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) images taken from the AVHRR sensors on the NOAA 16 satellite. Now these images came from July 4th 2010 and has been dismissed by defenders of NOAA by saying that “They say don’t use it for climatological studies”. There is multiple problems with this defense, the first being is that those types of warnings haven’t stopped scientists from using inappropriate data before (See the paper Mann 08 and his use of a inappropriate temperature proxy after being told it couldn’t be used in temperature reconstructions by the scientist that made the proxy). However the bigger problem is that this satellite has been known to have a history of having problems in its AVHRR sensor systems as seen by public records:

On Friday 19th September 2003 NOAA 16 developed AVHRR synch. problems
similar to those on NOAA 14 (and previously NOAA 15).
Since then reports have been mixed. Some periods of good data, some
poor.

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/phqfh1/status.htm

NOAA-16 started malfunctioning in early 2004, when a scan motor problem caused a ‘barcode’ appearance.

http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/avhrr/avhrrmnu.htm

A known problem exists with the NOAA-16 Version 3 data. Due to a problem with the scan motor, all the channel data are shifted sporadically causing the channels to contain data from another channel; thus, the derived parameters are in error when this channel shift occurs. The dates when the scan motor problem affects the data are list in Table 12. Note however that the scan motor problem does not affect the entire composited image on these dates, but rather there are patches of bad data within the composite.

http://nsidc.org/data/docs/daac/nsidc0066_avhrr_5km.gd.html

DEVELOPMENT OF A GLOBAL QC/QA PROCESSOR FOR

OPERATIONAL NOAA 16-18 AND METOP AVHRR SST PRODUCTS

 Figure 2 shows time series of global number of observations, mean, standard deviation, skewness,

and kurtosis of SST anomalies for NOAA 16-18 and MetOp-A (left panel: day, right panel: night). Each

point represents an 8 day period of global statistics. Mean anomalies from N17 and N18 during

nighttime are highly consistent, whereas N16 shows anomalous behavior due to sensor problems

(Figure 2b).

http://www.eumetsat.int/Home/Main/Publications/Conference_and_Workshop_Proceedings/groups/cps/documents/document/pdf_conf_p50_s5_01_dash_p.pdf

Volume 26, Issue 9 (September 2009)

Effect of Out-of-Band Response in NOAA-16 AVHRR Channel 3b on Top-of-Atmosphere Radiances Calculated with the Community Radiative Transfer Model

This study shows that this discontinuity is caused by the out-of-band response in NOAA-16 AVHRR Ch3b and by using a single layer to the NCEP GFS temperature profiles above 10 hPa for the alpha version of CRTM. The problem has been solved in CRTM v.1.1, which uses one of the six standard atmospheres to fill in the missing data above the top pressure level in the input NCEP GFS data. It is found that, because of the out-of-band response, the NOAA-16 AVHRR Ch3b has sensitivity to atmospheric temperature at high altitudes.

http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/2009JTECHA1259.1?journalCode=atot

Click the link below to see the latest status of NOAA 16 and the dates of the all the problems with the satellite:

http://www.oso.noaa.gov/poesstatus/spacecraftStatusSummary.asp?spacecraft=16

Now certain other places around the planet that claim to be skeptical of science, point out in an article today something that the real skeptics pointed out at the minimum yesterday: That RSS and UAH do not use NOAA 16 data. With that said they then try to paper over the fact that scientists studying the Great Lakes use the data from this secondary satellite, that’s why it was on a major US university’s website and is still used by NOAA.

Now ask yourself these important questions: Why is even local studies being done with data from a KNOWN bad satellite, giving KNOWN bad data for years? Why isn’t the data from the NOAA 18 and 19 satellites being used in the MSU archives, it is the primary after all?

Also we are told that Coastwatch is not used for climate studies. Why then does NOAA on their Coastwatch website say that Coastwatch data is used for Climate studies?

Climate

The CoastWatch search interface provides access to multiple satellite ocean remote sensing data and products useful for climate studies. In the search panel on the left, a default set of products have been pre-selected. These products will activate after a region has been selected. Modification of the products, sensors and satellites may be selected/highlighted by using “[shift]-click” and dates may be entered manually into the text fields or by using the pop-up calendars.

http://coastwatch.noaa.gov/cwn/search/interface.html?application=Climate

When you go to that page you see a data selector. When you select the Great Lakes Region, then AVHRR sensor, then SST, you then get a list of satellites to choose from: NOAA 15-19 and Metop 2. Now you can still pull up data from those secondary satellites such as NOAA 15 and 17 but when you select the NOAA 16 option you get no info because NOAA has pulled that data once this was brought to their attention. Matter of fact the ONLY time you get to use the NOAA 16 data option is when you select AVHRR and SST.

Here is the Metadata from NOAA, it tells you which platforms and sensors were used in one of their Global SST datasets:

Sea Surface Temperature (100 KM Global)

Metadata from the NOAA Metadata Manager and Repository (NMMR)

 Platform and Instrument Identification:

Mission Name:
POES > Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites
Platform Full Name:
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-16
Platform Short Name:
NOAA-16
Platform Serial Identifier:
N16
Instrument Name:
Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
Instrument Short Name:
            AVHRR/3

http://www.class.ngdc.noaa.gov/saa/products/nmmr/Classic/SST100

Again why is a satellite that is considered secondary, and KNOWN for years to be wrong, having it’s data archived for use for any reason?

Things That Make You Go Hmmm Part 3

In the first two parts we saw that using either the older adjustment method used by GHCN or the new one in USHCN, these adjustments are the only thing that reversed the findings in the Christy et al 2006 paper while using the Hanford and Lemon Cove stations. 

https://boballab.wordpress.com/2010/07/31/things-that-make-you-go-hmmm/ 

https://boballab.wordpress.com/2010/08/09/things-that-make-you-go-hmmm-part-2/ 

In this third part I’m going to look and see if I find the same changing of the results by looking at the Tmax and Tmin trends for Merced and Yosemite stations in the USHCN v2 dataset. You can download the data from the following link: 

http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ushcn/ushcn_map_interface.html 

  

Couple of things I noticed about the Merced/Yosemite station data, is that there is no Raw data for Yosemite prior to 1911, except for one year and there is no Raw data after 2003. All adjusted data for those years is by the USHCN Filnet computer routine. Merced isn’t much better with very scarce data in the early Raw record but it does happen to have Raw up to 2009. So to make a true comparison for this pair we will have to restrict the data range from 1911 to 2003. 

Also take note that both stations have a lot more missing data than the Hanford/Lemon Cove stations in the selected data range. 

Figure 1

 

Now here in Figure 1 we see the Merced (Valley) Tmax raw trend is a warming one of about 2.3° F over the time period. After adjustment the trend becomes a very slight warming trend, maybe .1° to .2° F. 

For Yosemite (Sierra) Tmax raw trend is a cooling trend of about -.6° F over the time period. After adjustment the trend becomes a very large cooling trend of -1.75° F. 

Figure 2

 

Now here in Figure 2 we the Merced (Valley) Tmin raw trend is is warming trend of about .5° F. After adjustment the trend is reduced very slightly to about a .4° F warming trend. 

Yosemite (Sierra) Tmin raw on the other hand is a eye opener to say the least. You have a very large negative excursion right at the beginning of the graph , followed by a relatively flat period, followed by what looks like a step jump around 1977. Usually those are signs of changing equipment/station move, which means taking a look at the meta data on that station closely. However with all that said the trend is a very large warming one of 7° F. The adjusted trend is still a very strong warming one of about 3.5° F. 

So lets see does this match what Dr. Christy had in his 2006 paper of Valley and Sierra showing a lack of warming during daytime (Tmax) but Valley showing a warming during nighttime (Tmin) with Sierra not? 

In this pair we saw that the Valley is strongly warming during daytime in the raw data and only slightly in the adjusted, where the Sierra one is showing a cooling in the raw data and is increased via adjustment. On the nighttime side the Valley showed a slight warming trend in both raw and adjusted. The Sierra one on the other hand has a very large warming trend and adjustment cuts it in half and still it’s a very strong warming trend. 

Now this goes against the finding of Dr. Christy, but this pair of stations IMHO is a poor pair to use to look to see if irrigation of a desert landscape, changing it into farmland causes a temperature change. The reason for that is if you go into Google Earth yourself and zoom all the way in on the Merced station coords given in USHCN, you find yourself smack dab in the middle of the Merced Airport. 

 

Yes there is farmland to the west of the airport, but there is a city just to the east of the airport and lets not forget the airport itself. To me this doesn’t make a very good station. 

Now what about Yosemite? Earlier I pointed out what looked like possible station moves in the record, but that is not why I think it’s a bad choice. IMHO it’s a bad choice because it’s not in the Sierra Foothills in desert like terrain, it is in the Sierras themelves. If you go back and look at the Google Earth Image that shows the stations in relative position to each other, you will see a brown strip between the city of Merced and the Trees and mountains of the Sierras in Yosemite National Park. That brown strip is the desert foothills of the Sierra’s and what we are suppose to be compring to, not the temperatures in the mountains. Matter of fact the Yosemite station can be seen very clearly to be sitting up in the mountains at the Park Ranger’s HQ. IMHO this station should never had been in the 2006 paper, since it is not in the Central Valley, unless it was when the study was done and moved to it’s present location afterward (the USHCN station numbers match between this station and the one in the study), but I can’t find any evidence of that in the USHCN or GHCN records (No multiple stations in GHCN, no flags in USHCN showing a move). 

For more on the Merced Station location: 

http://gallery.surfacestations.org/main.php?g2_itemId=662 

http://gallery.surfacestations.org/main.php?g2_itemId=27876 

For more on the Yosemite Station location: 

http://gallery.surfacestations.org/main.php?g2_itemId=710 

http://gallery.surfacestations.org/main.php?g2_itemId=2443

How Big Oil Co-Oped The Environmental Movement Part 3

It’s been awhile since I updated this, but with the upcomming crap   cap and trade bill it’s appropriate.

So who is Maurice Strong? Where did he come from and how did he get to be the man that set the course for the Climate Change debate? 

Well lets start with a little biographical information on Mr. Strong.

Maurice F. Strong, PC, CC, OM, FRSC (born April 29, 1929) is a Canadian businessman. He is a Canadian expatriate, entrepreneur, environmentalist, and one of the world’s leading proponents of the United Nations‘s involvement in world affairs.

Born in Oak Lake, Manitoba, Strong had his start as a petroleum entrepreneur and became president of Power Corporation until 1966. In the early 1970s he was Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment and then became the first Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme. He returned to Canada to become Chief Executive Officer of Petro-Canada from 1976 to 1978. He headed Ontario Hydro, one of North Americas largest power utilities, was national President and Chairman of the Extension Committee of the World Alliance of YMCAs, and headed American Water Development Incorporated. Molten Metals Technology[1] and Cordex Petroleum[2] were two failed business ventures that went bankrupt and dissolved.

Today Strong lives in the People’s Republic of China, and is President of the Council of the United Nations’s University for Peace. UPEACE is the only university in the UN system able to grant degrees at the masters and doctoral. He is an active honorary professor at Peking University and Honorary Chairman of its Environmental Foundation. He is Chairman of the Advisory Board for the Institute for Research on Security and Sustainability for Northeast Asia.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Strong

 Well as you can see right there it is isn’t hard to find Mr. Strong’s ties to not only Big Oil but also the UN. However lets keep looking at Mr. Strong from of all places his own website:

 

“His school principal, a convinced socialist, subjected young Maurice to a combination of strict discipline and the opportunity to accelerate his learning to the point where he had completed high school to university entrance level by the age of 14.  At the same time, he devoted himself to the self-education which he has continued throughout his life, spending much time alone in nature observing and trying to understand its wonders and its cycles.”

“This brought him to the attention of a flamboyantly adventurous American, Bill Richardson, who had arrived on the annual supply ship to prospect in the area.  He invited Maurice to join him when he returned to Toronto where he lived with his wife, an heiress to an oil fortune.Through them, Strong met with a leading U.N. official who arranged for him to have a temporary, very low-level appointment, which enabled him to realize his dream and serve as a junior security officer at the then UN headquarters in Lake Success, New York.

This confirmed Strong’s belief that the United Nations was the place for him, but made him realize, too, that without sufficient education or political ties, he could not expect to rise up within the ranks.  He decided the best course for him would be to return to Canada and try to develop there the qualifications that would enable him to return to the United Nations in a more substantive role.

He did this, first obtaining a role as a trainee analyst, and then specialist in oil and mineral resources for a leading brokerage firm, James Richardson & Sons. Moving to Calgary, Alberta, he became assistant to one of the most colorful and dramatically successful leaders of the oil industry, Jack Gallagher.  He gave Strong the opportunity of learning the business from a more operational point of view and as the company, Dome Petroleum, grew, Strong occupied several key roles, including Vice President, Finance.”

“In 1969, the UN General Assembly decided to convene the first major inter-governmental conference on environmental issues, the UN Conference on the Human Environment. The meeting was to be held in 1972, but by early 1970, hardly anything had happened. The Swedish government began to worry. Eventually their ambassador, Sverker Astrom, contacted Strong, through a mutual friend, Wayne Kines, who was a media consultuant to the UN. Astrom recommended Strong to Philippe de Seyne, the UN undersecretary general for economic and social affairs. Kines arranged a meeting between Strong and de Seyne.UN Secretary-General, U Thant,  invited Strong to lead it as Secretary-General of the Conference and as Undersecretary General of the UN responsible for environmental affairs. Strong turned the preparations for the Stockholm Conference around. He used his consummate diplomatic skills to obtain the support of the developing countries, who were extremely sceptical about environmental issues. “

“In December 1972, the UN General Assembly established the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and elected Strong to head it. The General Assembly also took a landmark decision to locate UNEP in Nairobi. Thus UNEP became the first ever UN agency to be headquartered in a developing country, rather than New York, Geneva or Vienna”

“Returning to Canada, his role in leading the UN’s famine relief program in Africa was the first in a series of UN advisory assignments, including reform and his appointment as Secretary General of the UN Conference on Environment and Development — best known as the Earth Summit — held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. This was a landmark event attended by more heads of government than had ever met together before, as well as more media and non-governmental representatives. 

After intense negotiations, the Earth Summit  produced Agreement on Conventions on Climate Change and Bio-diversity and launched a process which produced a Convention on Desertification.  .

Particularly noteworthy, too, was the Agreement reached on a set of principles to set the world on the pathway to sustainable development and a program of action, known as Agenda 21, as the agreed basis for cooperative action to move implement them”

http://www.mauricestrong.net/2008072115/strong-biography.html

 Well from all that you can clearly see that Mr. Strong is not hiding his ties to Big Oil, he is flouting them openly, but from all that stuff on his own bio page there is two omissions. One you can understand but the other you would think he would want to trumpet. The first omission being the Oil for food scandal that forced Mr. Strong to flee to China and the other being the child of Mr. Strong’s UNEP and the WMO. You might of heard of this child of two UN agencies: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) but that will be addressed in it’s own part.

 If you spend any time looking through Mr. Strong’s ties you will find that he is connected to the Rockefeller foundation, The Rothschild family, The Bush family and many other politically and monetarily powerful people just do a Google search on him and it pops right up. 

So here is a man born to poverty during the Great Depression, was taught by an avowed Socialist and owes everything he has now to the Big Oil business. It allowed him entry into the corridors of power in the UN and International Finance. So do you really think someone with that background, that starts leading the cause for Environmentalism (he calls himself the worlds leading environmentalist) is really going to do in Big Oil which made him and his buddies extremely rich? 

Oh lets take a quick look at the Rockefeller Foundation that Mr. Strong was an adviser for. Lets start with where the Foundation gets it’s money: 

“The foundation also has traditionally held a major portion of its shares portfolio in the family’s oil companies, beginning with Standard Oil and now with its corporate descendants, including Exxon Mobil.[20]”

 Yeah thats right big bad Exxon, the suppose funder of the AGW sceptics is owned by the Rockefeller’s and their foundation.

 Now lets look at some of the trustees of the foundation:

Now look at that we got the Chairman of Rothschild, we got a Rockefeller and the Director of Goldman Sachs, who just happens to have the ear of the UN Sec Gen. Now what is their focus and mission:

Focus “smart globalization
Mission “to promote the well-being of mankind throughout the world.”[2]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockefeller_Foundation 

Yeah there is a bunch of radicals that wants to kill Big Oil and replace it with “Green Technology” and have the power of global government in the hands of the ordinary man, but it gets better. Mr. Strong sits on the board of the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) alongside Al Gore and another tie to Goldman Sachs. The CCX also gives him ties to the Obama’s themselves.

This is not everything Mr. Strong is involved in, back when Climategate broke and just before Copenhagen Fox News broke the story about how another section of the UN that Mr. Strong is involved with wants to use Climate Change as the mechanism to bring about a World Government and they needed to wrestle the issue from the IPCC because they haven’t been alarming enough. That’s right these people belive that the IPCC hasn’t exagerated “Global Warming” enough and scared people into giving up there soviegntry.

Well I Finally Bought A New Comp….

For those that don’t know (It’s in my first blog post) I’m basically cheap. The computer I started this blog with back not that long ago was a 10 year old Compaq Presario I got from Sears, then I “upgraded” to my 7 year old HP computer when I got a new one for the others in my family. When I did that I put the 40 GB hard drive into that 7 year old HP so thathad more space to save data. So last week that 7 year olf HP gave up the ghost and I had the choice of rebuilding the 10 year old Compaq or getting a new one. Now I was leaning towards just putting the hard drives into that Compaq andf going on (I did say I was cheap!), well it didn’t work out that way.

First you need some background information. The Compaq had a Celeron Processor and that HP had an AMD Semperon in it. When I first got the HP it had a bigger hard drive, more ram and it was suppose to be faster then my Compaq. Now this was back in my Hardcore online gaming days and I didn’t have too many problems with that Celeron, yeah I had to run low graphics but it kept up. Now that HP was nothing but trouble when I tried gaming on it so instead of the old Compaq being the “family” computer (basically used for email, some online research and playing solitare) the HP did. So when we upgraded back in Jan the family computer with a new HP and it too has an AMD chipset and it had problems with the CPU, I was really not looking very favorably on AMD products. Now the thing was that most of the more affordable new computers have AMD CPU’s not the Intels that had the stuff I wanted, so that was why I was going to just stay with the old Compaq, until I saw a sweet little deal from BJ’s. They had a Gateway with an Intel Core 3 processor, 1 TB Hard drive, 6 GB DDR3 (expandable to 8 GB) Ram, HD graphics output and Windows 7 Home Premium 64 bit installed on sale for $499 at their store but only $449 if you bought online (shipping included). Sure you needed to buy a monitor separatly but that is not a biggie you can get an HD LCD monitor at a good price, which I did in a Samsung 20″ HD LCD monitor for $130.

The only problems that I had was tracking down a driver so I could use my old Linksys wireless G adapter with it, and I had to get a DVI-D to HDMI cable (The monitor only has DVI-D and VGA inputs and the computer only has VGA and HDMI outputs.

Now after all that we get to the point of this post: So that is the reason I haven’t been posting much because the data was sitting in a dead computer, but I should be back up and running with this new one shortly. Also I wanted to mention that now that I have this HD LCD monitor I can tell you that besides giving a much better picture then my old VGA tube monitor and the colors being way better, it is also much easier on the eyes. I noticed that when looking at this screen for extended perods of time my eyes don’t tire out like they did with the old style monitors. So if you still use and old style monitor you really should invest in at least in a LCD monitor (The new HP has a 20″ LCD monitor, non hd and it is also easier on the eyes) if you can’t run an HD one, it really is worth the money in not getting eyestrain or headaches.