History of NOAA 16
August 13, 2010Posted by on
The images that showed the extreme temperatures for Lake Michigan were Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) images taken from the AVHRR sensors on the NOAA 16 satellite. Now these images came from July 4th 2010 and has been dismissed by defenders of NOAA by saying that “They say don’t use it for climatological studies”. There is multiple problems with this defense, the first being is that those types of warnings haven’t stopped scientists from using inappropriate data before (See the paper Mann 08 and his use of a inappropriate temperature proxy after being told it couldn’t be used in temperature reconstructions by the scientist that made the proxy). However the bigger problem is that this satellite has been known to have a history of having problems in its AVHRR sensor systems as seen by public records:
On Friday 19th September 2003 NOAA 16 developed AVHRR synch. problems
similar to those on NOAA 14 (and previously NOAA 15).
Since then reports have been mixed. Some periods of good data, some
NOAA-16 started malfunctioning in early 2004, when a scan motor problem caused a ‘barcode’ appearance.
A known problem exists with the NOAA-16 Version 3 data. Due to a problem with the scan motor, all the channel data are shifted sporadically causing the channels to contain data from another channel; thus, the derived parameters are in error when this channel shift occurs. The dates when the scan motor problem affects the data are list in Table 12. Note however that the scan motor problem does not affect the entire composited image on these dates, but rather there are patches of bad data within the composite.
DEVELOPMENT OF A GLOBAL QC/QA PROCESSOR FOR
OPERATIONAL NOAA 16-18 AND METOP AVHRR SST PRODUCTS
Figure 2 shows time series of global number of observations, mean, standard deviation, skewness,
and kurtosis of SST anomalies for NOAA 16-18 and MetOp-A (left panel: day, right panel: night). Each
point represents an 8 day period of global statistics. Mean anomalies from N17 and N18 during
nighttime are highly consistent, whereas N16 shows anomalous behavior due to sensor problems
Volume 26, Issue 9 (September 2009)
Effect of Out-of-Band Response in NOAA-16 AVHRR Channel 3b on Top-of-Atmosphere Radiances Calculated with the Community Radiative Transfer Model
This study shows that this discontinuity is caused by the out-of-band response in NOAA-16 AVHRR Ch3b and by using a single layer to the NCEP GFS temperature profiles above 10 hPa for the alpha version of CRTM. The problem has been solved in CRTM v.1.1, which uses one of the six standard atmospheres to fill in the missing data above the top pressure level in the input NCEP GFS data. It is found that, because of the out-of-band response, the NOAA-16 AVHRR Ch3b has sensitivity to atmospheric temperature at high altitudes.
Click the link below to see the latest status of NOAA 16 and the dates of the all the problems with the satellite:
Now certain other places around the planet that claim to be skeptical of science, point out in an article today something that the real skeptics pointed out at the minimum yesterday: That RSS and UAH do not use NOAA 16 data. With that said they then try to paper over the fact that scientists studying the Great Lakes use the data from this secondary satellite, that’s why it was on a major US university’s website and is still used by NOAA.
Now ask yourself these important questions: Why is even local studies being done with data from a KNOWN bad satellite, giving KNOWN bad data for years? Why isn’t the data from the NOAA 18 and 19 satellites being used in the MSU archives, it is the primary after all?
Also we are told that Coastwatch is not used for climate studies. Why then does NOAA on their Coastwatch website say that Coastwatch data is used for Climate studies?
The CoastWatch search interface provides access to multiple satellite ocean remote sensing data and products useful for climate studies. In the search panel on the left, a default set of products have been pre-selected. These products will activate after a region has been selected. Modification of the products, sensors and satellites may be selected/highlighted by using “[shift]-click” and dates may be entered manually into the text fields or by using the pop-up calendars.
When you go to that page you see a data selector. When you select the Great Lakes Region, then AVHRR sensor, then SST, you then get a list of satellites to choose from: NOAA 15-19 and Metop 2. Now you can still pull up data from those secondary satellites such as NOAA 15 and 17 but when you select the NOAA 16 option you get no info because NOAA has pulled that data once this was brought to their attention. Matter of fact the ONLY time you get to use the NOAA 16 data option is when you select AVHRR and SST.
Here is the Metadata from NOAA, it tells you which platforms and sensors were used in one of their Global SST datasets:
Sea Surface Temperature (100 KM Global)
Metadata from the NOAA Metadata Manager and Repository (NMMR)
Platform and Instrument Identification:
- Mission Name:
- POES > Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites
- Platform Full Name:
- National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-16
- Platform Short Name:
- Platform Serial Identifier:
- Instrument Name:
- Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer/3
- Instrument Short Name:
Again why is a satellite that is considered secondary, and KNOWN for years to be wrong, having it’s data archived for use for any reason?